Flags for Hundred Years War

[AWI] [Medieval & Renaissance] [HYW] [Crusades] [ACW] [Napoleonics] [RCW] [Games & scenarios] [Bits]
This is the impressive collection of flags for the Hundred Years War that has been produced by Rune Kramer. As you will see below, there is hardly a flagpole in Europe that has not been visited by Rune - some of them actually more than once. Anyway, its an impressive work and we hope that will also bring you and your miniatures a lo of good looks.
English Army at Crécy
First a set of flags for the battle of Crecy. The first section is the English 1st Battle, Right Wing:
  1. Black Prince, Geoffrey de Harcourt, Earl of Oxford, Thomas de Beauchamp(I)
  2. Lord Mohun, Beauchamp(II), Lord Ughtred, Lord Norwich, Lord Bourchier
  3. Lord Cobham, Lord Basset, Lord Willoughby, Sir Hardeshulle
  4. Sir Kerdeston, Sir William FitzWarin, Lord Scales, Sir St. Amand, Sir Bassingbourne
  5. Burghersh le Fitz, Sir Darcy, Lord Lisle, Sir Mortimer, Sir Braybrooke
  6. Sir Hardreshulle, Sir Orby, Lord Lovel, Sieur Verdon, Sir John Chandos, Sieur Groucy
  7. Lord Berkeley, sir Maurice Berkeley (no.1 & 2)
  8. Lord Neville, Thomas & Otho Holand, Lord Stafford, Sir Richard Stafford, Lord Latimer
  9. Lord de la Warr, Sir de la Warr, Sir Thomas Felton, Sir Arderne
  10. Sir John Sutton & son, Sir Audley, Sir Shelton, Richard de Beaumont
  11. Sir FitzSimon, Banner of St. George, Lord Basset of Sapcote, Lord Basset of Cheadle
  12. Hamon Le Strange of Hunstandon, Sir Lucy of Charlecote, Sir Bedingfield
  13. Owen ap Owen, John Hampton, Roger Hampton, Richard Hampton
The next set of English flags are from the 2nd Battle, Left wing:
  1. William de Bohun - the Earl of Northampton, Richard FitzAlan - the Earl of Arundel
  2. Lord Audley, Sir Bohun, Sir Stryvlyn, Sir Philip le Despencer
  3. Sir West, Lord Sutton, Sir Freedeckne, Lord FitzWarin, Sir de Lisle, Sir Le Strange of Knockin
  4. Henry Lord Scrope of Masham, Sir William Scrope, Stephen Scrope, Lord Say
  5. Lord FitzWalter, Lord Neville of Essex, Sir Talbot of Richard’s Castle, Sir Neville of Raby
  6. Lord Lascelles, Sir Lucy of Langley, Lord Roos, Lord Willoughby, Sir Poynings
  7. Sir Paveley, Sir Bracy, Sir William Felton, Sir Gournay
  8. Sir Camoys, Sir Delves, Sir Hardreshulle, Lord Strange of Blackmere
  9. Sir Bould, Lord Bassett of Drayton, Sir Thorpe, Sir Cotesford (Cutsforth)
  10. Sir Kyriell, Sir Knollys, Sir Percy, Sir Thomas Wingfield, Sir Boxhulle, Lord Grey of Codnor
  11. Sir Lacy, Sir Trussell, Sir Raleigh, Baron de Mowbray
  12. John Hawkwood, Sir Hetherset, Sir de la Vache, Sir Hotot, Seigneur de Saint-Aubin
And finally the last flags covers the third battle, reserve:
  1. Edward III’s standard and banner, Robert de Ufford, Thomas de Hatfield, William de Clinton
  2. Lord Despencer, Lord Burghersh, Sir Montague
  3. Sir Freville, Sir Sully (I), Sir Sully (II), Sir John Wingfield
  4. Lord Scrope of Bolton, Lord Beauchamp of Warwick, Lord Multon
  5. Sir Beauchamp, Lord Grey of Ruthyn, Sir Cornwall, Lord Colville, Lord Grey of Rothefield
  6. Earl of Devon, Sir Courtenay, Earl of Derby, Lord Ferrers of Chartley, Sir Ferrers
  7. Lord Maltravers, Sir Kildesby, Sir Lathorn, Sir Wetewang, Alan de la Zouche (I), John Courson
  8. Sir Mauduit, Sir Botetourt, Lord Ferrers of Groby, Stephen Courson
  9. Sir Daubeney, Hugh Courson, William Courson, Lord Braose
  10. Sir Richard Talbot, Sir Walter Paveley, Alan de la Zouche (II), Sir Astley, Lord Morley
  11. Sir Bryan & Son, Brampton, ap Griffith, Sir Willington, Sir Braillesford (Braylesford)
  12. Sir Ingleby, Sir Bradestone, Sir Dengayne, Lord FitzHugh of Ravensworth, Sir Wrottesley
  13. Sir Stapleton, Sir Reppes, Sir Reynes of Buckingham, Lambeth
  14. Sir Howard le fitz, Sir Mauteby, John de Coggeshall
Bohemians/Germans in the French Army at Crécy
  1. Neuhaus, Milicin, d’Oupey, Klingenberg, Riesenburg, Sierck
  2. Monch, Jimlin, d’Auvilliers, Rosenberg (Rozmberk), Banner of Bohemia
  3. King of Bohemia, Zierotin, Chys, Rozdalovice, Blamont, Siegneur de Chatelet d’Autigny
  4. Porosin, Strakonitz, Vlasim, Kozojedy, Bourlemont, Montmartin
  5. Comte de Grandpre, Haraucourt, Sulevic, Koldice, Gräf von Saarbrucken, Gräf von Zweibrucken
  6. Duke of Bar, Thiebaut de Bar, Pierre de Bar, Gräf von Salm, Comte de Montbeliard & son
  7. Margrave von Moravia, Duke of Lothringen, von Pavlovice, von Fricendorf, comte d’Malvezad
  8. von Ried, Bavor, Hronovic, Johann Lichenberk
  9. Lysek, Sire Vilem Zajic de Valdek, Tyc, Fricek
Luxembougers/Germans in the French Army at Crécy
  1. Karl von Luxemburg, von der Fels, von Berwart, von Berburg, von Zolver, Banner of Luxemburg
  2. Landgräf von Leuchtenberg, von Rodemarchern, von Mersch, von Meilberg, Graf von Salm, von Septfontaines
  3. von Bourscheid, von Gymnich, von Bolchen, von Pittingen, d’Autel, von Grandpre-Houffalize
  4. von Brandenburg, H. von Schonecken, J. von Schonecken, von Huncheringen, von Falkenstein, von Malberg
  5. von Befort, von Meysenburg, von Korich, von Blankenheim, von Clerf, von Furchingen
  6. von Harze, von Losnich, von Manderscheid, von Esch, von Schleiden, von Daun-Densborn
  7. Karl von Luxemburg (King of Romans), Wolfart de Beuffort
  8. Rudolf II von Sachsen-Wittenberg, von Teglenburg, Gräf von Wittemberc, von Hohengeroldseck
Genovese in the French Army at Crécy
  1. Carlo Grimaldi, Odon Dorioa
French Army at Crécy
  1. King of France, Comte de Alencon, Comte de Namur, Comte de Flanders & Son,
  2. Geoffrey de Chargny, Miles VII de Noyers, The Oriflamme
  3. de Beaujeu, Seigneur de Briquebec, Sieur de la Roche, de Moreuil, Vicomte de Ventadour, Sieur de Saucourt (Soyecourt)
  4. Comte d’Harcourt,Comte d’Aumale, Seigneur de Beausmesmil, Thierry de Senzeille
  5. Comte de Harcourt, Comte d’Aumale, Seigneur de Dampierre, Arnaud d’Audrehem
  6. Comte de Blois et de Dunois, Comte de Saint-Pol, Seigneur de Dampierre, Marshal Arnaud d’Audrehem
  7. Bishop of Laon, Bishop of Noyon, Bishop of Metz, Comte de Roucy, Amauri de Berulle
  8. Jean de Conflans, Comte de Sancerre, Seigneur de Sully, Sieur de Bonnay
  9. Comte de Clermont, Comte de Forez, de Juppeleu, de Martel
  10. Carlos de la Cerda, Pierre des Essars
  11. Marshal of France – Charles de Montmorency & Sons
  12. Jean de Hainault, Comte d’Auxerre,Enguerrand VI de Coucy
  13. Alarce de Marais, Vicomte de Thouars et comte de Dreux, Sieur de Montgascon
  14. Jean I Tyrel - Seigneur de Poix & Sons, Robert de Rambuses
  15. Gaston de Casteras, Seigneur de Ghestelles, Seigneur d’Aubigny
  16. Charles – Prince of Navarre, Jaime II - King of Mallorca, de Fusselles, Variations for d’Aubigny
  17. Seigneur de Rochefort, Seigneur de Lameth, Louis de Bridiers, Seigneur de Montchauvet, Jean du Puy du Fou
English army at Poitiers
  1. Standard of the Black Prince, Hugh Calveley, Sir Ferrers, Sir Trussell, Sir Audley
  2. Matthew Gurney, Piers Mauley, Stephen Cossington, Lord Clifford, Jean de Ghistelles
  3. Sir Howel of the Axe, Sanchet & Eustace d’Aubrichicourt, Sieur d’Albret, Sir Grandison
  4. Sir Loring, Sir Woodland, Sir Warren, Sieur de Duras
  5. Seigneur de Pommiers, Sir de la Moore, Le Bascot de Mauléon, Sir Pembridge
  6. Sire de Mussidan, Sir Eams, Sir Walter Manny, Sir Franck van Halen
  7. Sir Pelham, Denis de St. Omer, Sieur de Preissac, Jean de Grailly (Captal de Buch)
French army at Poitiers
  1. Banner of the Order of the Star, d’Annequin, d’Angle, Comte d’Eu, d’Anjou, Comte d’Aunoy
  2. Louis I de Brosse, Duc de Bourbon, Duc de Berry, Vicomte de Breuse, Comte de la Marche, Guilliam de Chamby
  3. Comte de Brienne, Robert de Duras, Vicomte de Chauvigny, Raoul de Boutelier, Guichard de Beaujeu, Comte de Beaufort en de Alais
  4. Vicomte de Beaumont, Sieur de Montmirail, Sieur de Crevecour, Bishop of Châlons, Sieur Chaunont, Amaury IV de Craon
  5. Comte de Estampes, Robert le Moreau, Jean Fernandez de Heredia, Arnaud de Espagne, Jean Rabache de Hangest, Comte de Dammartin
  6. Sieur de Linniers, Vicomte de Narbonne, Jean de Montigny, Thibault de Laval, Sieur de Heilly, Sieur Montague
  7. Gilles de Mailly, Sieur de Pompadour, Jean de Clermont (-Nesle), Sir William de Douglas, Guilaume de Merle, Robert de Miraumont
  8. Guillaume de Nesle, Seigneur de Landas, Duc de Orleans, Jean de Noyers (Grand Butler of France), Thibault de Rochefort
  9. Duc de Normandie, Vicomte de Melun, Jean IV de Châlon, Renauld V de Pons
  10. Geoffrey de Parthenay, Oudart de Renty, Sieur de Surgeres, Vicomte de Rochechouart, Sieur de Tour-Auvegne, Eustace de Ribemont
  11. Seigneur de Sully, Comte de Ventadour, Phillip de Touraine, Comte de Vendome
  12. Gräf von Saarbrücken, Gräf von Nassau
Miscellaneous (1337-1390)
  1. Standard and banner of the Duke of Brittany, Comte de Monfort, Charles de Blois
  2. Godemar du Fay, Olivier de Clisson & son, Thomas Dagworth
  3. Comte d’Isle, Comte de Périgord, Comte de Valentinois, Comte de Foix
  4. Comte de Rohan and kin
  5. John Dagworth, Bishop of Beauvais, Robert de Artois, Jean de Laval
  6. Bishop of Trérouanne, Comte de Comminges, Bishop of St.Malo
  7. Banners of Brabant & Limburg, Duke of Brabant, Count of Julich
  8. Comte de Armagnac, Sir Oliver d’Ingham, Archbishop of Reims
  9. Sir Wale, Sir Monthermer, Sieur de Baux, Comte de Geneve
  10. Archbishop of York, Comte de Savoy, Earl of Pembroke, Sir Hastings
  11. Bertrand de Guesclin & brother Olivier, Guillaume de Hirel, Geoffroi de Kerimel, Geoffroy II de Payen, Olivier I de Boisjagu
  12. Bertrand II Gouyon, Berthelot de Angoulvent, Jean Giffart
  13. Berthelot Le Roux, Guillaume de Landujan, Robert de Sancerre, Gui XII de Montmorency
  14. Jean V de Beaumanoir, Robert II de Beaumanoir
  15. Jean de Courcy,Guy V de Molac, Eustache de La Houssaye, Alain de La Houssaye
  16. Jean Raguenel, Sir Richier, Olivier I de Thomelin
  17. Olivier de Mauny & his five brothers
Flags for the Guilds of Ghent, ca 1300 – 1450
After the successful rising in the begining of the 14th cen. Ghent quickly came to dominate the coalition of Flandern cities. Ghent also delievered most of the manpower for the Flandern Militia armies. For other city flags go to Alex’s Flags. The source for these flags is “Recherches Historiques sur les Costumes Civils et Militaires...’’ by Felix de Vigne, (1847) plus some artistic additions by me here and there.
  1. The guilds of St. Sebastian (crossbows); Millers; Tailors & Dockworkers
  2. The guilds of Sign Writers; Bricklayers, White Leather Workers; Dyers & Blue Dyers
  3. The guilds of Woolworkers, Shoemakers, Coopers & Grocers/Apothecaries
  4. The guilds of St.George (crossbows), Potters, Cheesemakers, Goldsmiths
  5. The guilds of Corn Measurers, Sawyers, Tilers, Millers
  6. The guilds of Thatchers, Corset Makers, Candle Makers, Fruit Suppliers
  7. The guilds of Hat Makers, Belt Makers, Glove Makers, Black Leather Workers
  8. The guilds of Winewarehousemen, Clothes Menders, Haberdashers
  9. The guilds of Woodcutters, Plasterers, Armourers
  10. The guilds of Stocking Makers, Tanners (15th Cen), Barbers, Wood Turners
  11. The guilds of Ropemakers, Pewter Smiths, Wine Measurers, Cabinet Makers
  12. The guilds of Wheel Makers, Oil Pressers
  13. Maid of Ghent, (14th cen. version)
  14. Ghent City Banners
Flags for the Crown of Aragon, ca. AD 1150-1400
  1. Crown of Aragon (I)
  2. Crown of Aragon (II)
  3. Crown of Aragon (III)
  4. Conquest of Mallorca
  5. the Montcada family (Hereditary Seneschals of Catalonia), Alagon
  6. Ahones, Bishop of Barcelona, Counts of Urgell
  7. The Luna Family
  8. Centelles (Centellas), Viscounts of Vilamur, Viscounts of Brega
  9. Cervello, Alemany, Entenza
  10. Count of Foix (French), Viscounts of Urtx, Counts of Pallars-Sobira, Counts of Pallars-Mataplana, Lords of Mataplana & side branch
Iberian flag tradition (ca AD 1150-1500)
The tradition of the Iberian Kingdoms varied at bit from that seen in France and England. It appears that they followed the same tradition and changes with regards to the shape of personal banners based on Coat of Arms. But the use of CoAs was also extended to pennons/pennoncelles which is not seen in France & England. A practice shared with the Italians. Swallow-tailed and round-ended flags were also common. See theses posts at Dante's War here and here which illustrates the differences. The blog includes some useful links to Aragonese/Catalan heraldry.

Crown of Aragon (ca AD 1150-1400)
A very good site for more information about and variations of flags for the Crown of Aragon HISTORICAL FLAGS By JAUME OLLE look under Catalonia. There are a lot of naval banners, etc. which I haven't copied. I have limited the use of the banners until the end of the 15th century as the CoAs became much more complex in design due to a concentration of titles via marriage in the 16th century. A developement also seen in French and English traditions. But do check it yourselves, if the CoAs you select have to be based on very solid research. My Catalan/Spanish is sorely lacking and mistakes have no doubt found their way into the designs.